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Медицинские науки

MODERN APPROACH TO CARIES PREVENTION AT THE POPULATION LEVEL (LITERATURE REVIEW) [СОВРЕМЕННЫЙ ПОДХОД К ПРОФИЛАКТИКЕ КАРИЕСА НА ПОПУЛЯЦИОННОМ УРОВНЕ (ОБЗОР ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ)]

Zubaydullaeva M.А. 

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Zubaydullaeva Maftuna Alisher kizi - master's Student,

DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC THERAPEUTIC DENTISTRY,

 SAMARKAND STATE MEDICAL INSTITUTE,

SAMARKAND, REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Abstract: dental caries is a multifactorial disease, in the development of which the quality of oral hygiene plays an important role. The knowledge that caries is a dynamic and reversible process has led to the development of new technologies capable of detecting caries at the earliest stages (before the formation of a cavity), for its timely treatment and prevention. 70 years of experience in the use of fluorides for the prevention of caries has shown their reliability and ability to participate in the remineralization of dental hard tissues, but their effectiveness decreases in an acidic environment of dental plaque (with poor oral hygiene). Daily oral hygiene using a paste with 1.5% arginine, 1450 ppm fluoride and calcium bicarbonate will help stop the development of dental caries and reduce the risk of new cavities, even in poor oral hygiene conditions.

Keywords: dental caries, microbial biofilm, fluorides, arginine, remineralization, neutralizer.

Зубайдуллаева М.А.

Зубайдуллаева Мафтуна Алишер кизи – студент магистратуры,

кафедра детской терапевтической стоматологии,

Самаркандский государственный медицинский институт,

г. Самарканд, Республика Узбекистан

Аннотация: кариес зубов - многофакторное заболевание, в развитии которого важную роль играет качество гигиены полости рта. Знание того, что кариес является процессом динамиче­ским и обратимым, привело к развитию новых технологий, способных выявить кариес на самых ранних стадиях (до образования полости), для его своевременного лечения и профилактики. 70-летний опыт использования фторидов для профилактики кариеса показал их надежность и способность участвовать в реминерализации твердых тканей зубов, но их эффективность снижается в условиях кислой среды зубного налета (при плохом уровне гигиены полости рта). Ежедневная гигиена полости рта с использованием пасты с 1,5% аргинином, 1450 ppm фторида и бикарбонатом кальция поможет остановить развитие кариеса зубов и снизить риск появления новых кариозных полостей даже в условиях низкого уровня гигиены полости рта.

Ключевые слова: кариес зубов, микробная биопленка, фториды, аргинин, реминерализация, нейтрализатор.

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Ссылка для цитирования. Зубайдуллаева М.А. СОВРЕМЕННЫЙ ПОДХОД К ПРОФИЛАКТИКЕ КАРИЕСА НА ПОПУЛЯЦИОННОМ УРОВНЕ (ОБЗОР ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ) [MODERN APPROACH TO CARIES PREVENTION AT THE POPULATION LEVEL (LITERATURE REVIEW)] // XXI INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC REVIEW OF THE PROBLEMS OF NATURAL SCIENCES AND MEDICINE Свободное цитирование при указании авторства: https://scientific-conference.com/grafik/grafik-2019-pervoe-polugodie.html  (Boston, USA - 02 December, 2020). с. {см. сборник}

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